Causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors

Vascular disease can be attributed to a number of risk factors. These blockages can be caused by high sodium and fatty diets. Other causes can include blood vessel inflammation, injury to limbs, as well as smoking and lack of exercise.

Causes and Symptoms 

There are many different symptoms that can signal various vascular diseases or conditions. Most conditions are associated with:

  • Skin discoloration
  • Decreased or absent pulse
  • Leg pain and discomfort, especially during exercise
  • Pain when lying down
  • Tissue infection, ulceration or loss due to poor blood flow
  • Pain and swelling of extremities
  • Non-healing wounds
  • Large, protruding veins

Risk Factors

There are many risk factors that contribute to the likelihood of developing a vascular disease or condition. You should discuss having a vascular screening with your physician if you:

  • Have a family history of vascular conditions or premature heart attacks or strokes
  • Are older than 50 years of age
  • Are severely overweight
  • Have an inactive lifestyle
  • Smoke
  • Have diabetes
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Have high cholesterol