Quick Facts: Hypertension

What is hypertension?

Hypertension or high blood pressure occurs when the force of your blood puts excess pressure on artery walls to the point that it may cause health problems. Hypertension is a leading cause of stroke and heart disease –leading causes of death in the United States.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

Hypertension is often called the “silent killer,” because many people have high blood pressure and do not show noticeable symptoms.

The only way to know if you have high blood pressure is to have it measured by a doctor or other health professional. Checking it is simple and painless.

What are the potential complications of hypertension?

Excess pressure can damage your blood vessels and organs. The higher the pressure and the longer hypertension is not managed, the more damage it can do.

If you have uncontrolled high blood pressure, it may cause:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Aneurysm
  • Heart failure
  • Damaged blood vessels in eyes
  • Weakened or damaged blood vessels in kidneys
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Difficulty thinking, remembering or learning

How is hypertension prevented?

To help prevent high blood pressure and its complications, you can:

  • Eat a healthy diet, avoiding excess sodium, saturated fat and cholesterol
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Stay active, exercising with moderate intensity 2.5 hours per week
  • Not smoke
  • Limit alcohol consumption
  • Get regular blood pressure checks
  • Prevent or manage diabetes
  • Follow your doctor’s medication plans if you have high blood pressur

What are the treatments for hypertension?

Sometimes lifestyle changes are enough to manage hypertension. Many people who have hypertension also use prescription medications to help manage the condition. Your doctor will prescribe medicine based on the severity of your condition and other conditions you may have.

What are the rates of hypertension in the U.S.?

According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 68 million people in the United States have high blood pressure. About one in two of them do not have their condition under control.

What are the rates of hypertension in Prince George’s County?

According to the Prince George’s County Health Department, approximately 28.2 percent of Maryland residents have been diagnosed with hypertension.  It is a leading cause of death in the county.


How does Doctors Community Hospital help people who have hypertension? 

How does Doctors Community Hospital help people who have depression? 

Managing hypertension is best done with ongoing support from a primary care physician who understands your unique needs and lifestyle.

Metropolitan Medical Specialists provides personalized, top-quality primary care for all adults, as well as adolescents ages 16 and older. We guide your comprehensive medical care and help address a range of acute and chronic conditions, including:

Learn more about our Metropolitan Medical Specialists